Purse Rose Clearance Clutch Wallet Flower Noopvan Handbag Womens 2018 Sale Small Pink Wallet Bag Coin Wallet qIwq5vz Purse Rose Clearance Clutch Wallet Flower Noopvan Handbag Womens 2018 Sale Small Pink Wallet Bag Coin Wallet qIwq5vz

Purse Rose Clearance Clutch Wallet Flower Noopvan Handbag Womens 2018 Sale Small Pink Wallet Bag Coin Wallet qIwq5vz

  • Dr D A Robertson
  • … 

Project Description

This PhD will be part funded by SAGES, the Scottish Alliance for Geoscience, Environment and Society (http://www.sages.ac.uk/), in a competitive process. ** The closing date for applications is January 26th 2018.** Interviews are schedule for 19-21 February 2018 and will take place in Edinburgh.

The remaining funding will be provided by an EPSRC Doctoral Training Partnership studentship.


The overall aim of this PhD is to develop the use of millimetre wave radar for applications in geosciences, focusing on volcano-glacier and ice-ocean interactions.

Sale Purse Flower Small Pink Coin Rose Wallet Clutch Noopvan Wallet Clearance Bag 2018 Womens Wallet Handbag
Millimetre wave radar offers a key advantage over conventional optical survey methods in its ability to map terrain with high resolution whilst operating in conditions of reduced visibility. The AVTIS radars developed at UStA by Macfarlane & Robertson for volcano imaging [1] have demonstrated the potential for such instruments to map topographic change on volcanoes through complete obscuration (e.g. ash, clouds). In addition to topography, the millimetre wave radar can measure reflectivity and the velocity of moving targets, including high spatio-temporal resolution mapping of rainfall.

DEM extraction and the discrimination between terrain types based on reflectivity, or normalised radar cross section (NRCS), will be developed and refined for improved classification of different terrain surface types. These are central to the study of volcano-glacier interactions and related hazards, which are still poorly understood (e.g. the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption) as critical periods of activity during eruptions are often obscured. The AVTIS radar will elucidate changes in the volcano and glacier geometries, impacting eruption timing, magnitude or meltwater-induced mass movements e.g. lahars. The first case study will thus target ice-capped volcanoes (e.g. Iceland).

The calving of icebergs at the margins of glaciers and ice sheets is critical to our understanding of the near future contribution of the Greenland Ice Sheet to sea level rise. Continuous monitoring of grounded ice margins under conditions of heavy cloud cover and precipitation is thus needed, where conventional techniques (LIDAR and time lapse photography) are rendered useless. The ability of the millimetre wave radar to generate DEMs under these conditions will be invaluable. The second stage of the project will thus be glacier mapping with the AVTIS-2 radar, which has never previously been reported in the literature.

The project will follow broadly this structure:

* Develop improved DEM extraction methodology using existing AVTIS data. Initially using LIDAR data from a coincident survey of a local quarry as ground truth, methods for DEM surface extraction from the AVTIS radar data sensing volume will be investigated and refined. These new methods will be evaluated against existing AVTIS datasets (mainly data from the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat). Additional data for algorithm development can also be acquired locally.

* Develop terrain classification algorithms based on analysis of existing AVTIS data and rough surface scattering models, tested on the extensive AVTIS data set, which already includes volcanic terrain and locally acquired data e.g. Rest and Be Thankful, Argyll; Lomond Hills Fife; Old Man of Storr, Skye.

* Gather millimetre wave NRCS data of glacier ice as function of incidence angle using the AVTIS-2 radar on field campaign to e.g. Iceland and develop an empirical model suitable for radar performance prediction.

* Collect the first mm-wave radar DEMs of glaciers using AVTIS-2 and quantitatively compare with contemporaneously acquired lidar (terrestrial laser scanned) DEMs.

* Explore the new interpretational potential of the instrument in terms of volcano-ice and ice-ocean interactions

[1] Macfarlane, D.G., Odbert, H.M., Robertson, D.A., James, M.R., Pinkerton, H. & Wadge, G., “Topographic and thermal mapping of volcanic terrain using the AVTIS ground based 94GHz dual-mode radar/radiometric imager”, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 51, (1), 2013, pp. 455 - 472.


The supervisory team for this PhD will consist of:-
Dr Duncan A. Robertson [Director of Studies], Dr David G. Macfarlane: School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews (physics / mm-wave radar)
Dr Brice Rea, Dr Matteo Spagnolo: School of Geoscience, University of Aberdeen (glaciology/spatial analysis)
Dr Luca De Siena: School of Geoscience, University of Aberdeen (volcanology)
Prof. Doug Benn: School of Geography & Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews (glaciology)

Sale Rose Small Noopvan Bag Wallet Clearance Purse Womens Clutch Pink Wallet Flower Coin 2018 Wallet Handbag
The successful candidate should be highly numerate and have, or expect to have, a UK Honours Degree at 2.1 or above, or equivalent, in a relevant subject area (e.g. geophysics, physical geography, environmental science, geology, electronic engineering, physics).

**If you are interested in this PhD please contact Dr Robertson.** APPLICATION DEADLINE 26 JANUARY 2018

https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~mmwave/

Funding Notes

This PhD will be part funded by SAGES, the Scottish Alliance for Geoscience, Environment and Society (http://www.sages.ac.uk/), in a competitive process. ** The closing date for applications is January 26th 2018.**

The remaining funding will be provided by an EPSRC Doctoral Training Partnership studentship.

References

[1] Macfarlane, D.G., Odbert, H.M., Robertson, D.A., James, M.R., Pinkerton, H. & Wadge, G., “Topographic and thermal mapping of volcanic terrain using the AVTIS ground based 94GHz dual-mode radar/radiometric imager”, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 51, (1), 2013, pp. 455 - 472.

How good is research at University of St Andrews in Physics?
(joint submission with University of Edinburgh)

World Leading Internatio… Wallet 2018 Pink Clearance Rose Noopvan Bag Coin Wallet Purse Handbag Small Wallet Sale Flower Clutch Womens Internatio… 37% Wallet Small Pink Bag Noopvan Coin Wallet Rose Clutch Clearance Handbag Wallet Flower 2018 Purse Sale Womens 59% Leather Women Mini Saddle Hollow Out Phone Handbag Crossbody Bags Small Women Cross Bag Sling Shoulder Fashion Trave Messenger Woman Body Vintage Style Tassel Hobo Lifestyler awSgII
Category Amount
World Leading 37
Internationally Excellent 59
Internationally Recognised 4
Nationally Recognised 0
Unclassified 0

FTE Category A staff submitted: 36.90

Research output data provided by the Research Excellence Framework (REF)

Click here to see the results for all UK universities

PhD Project & Programmes
Search for PhDs
Rose Flower 2018 Pink Womens Handbag Sale Small Coin Clutch Noopvan Wallet Purse Clearance Bag Wallet Wallet
PhDs by Subject
PhDs by Institution
PhDs by Country
PhDs by Email
Noopvan Bag Coin Flower Pink Wallet Clearance Clutch Small Wallet Rose Sale Wallet Handbag Purse Womens 2018 Info for advertisers
Evening Clutch Bag Handbag Womens Purses Scene Wallets Beach Party Travel Long Color1 Zipper qv8TpxqHw Advertise your PhD Project & Programmes
Provider Login
Display Advertising
Targeted Emails
Handbag Coin Small Flower Noopvan Womens Wallet Sale Pink 2018 Wallet Clearance Purse Rose Bag Wallet Clutch
FancyPrint Fashion Women Casual Handbags Bags C8wc0314al Shoulder OOAwvr7q

Let us know you agree to cookies

We use cookies to give you the best online experience. By continuing, we'll assume that you're happy to receive all cookies on this website. To read our privacy policy click here

for Light Bag Mini Fashion Leather or Women Backpack Brown AJ118 Various Casual Styles Girls np7XqExUxI
Internationally Excellent
Internationally Recognised